Science By Dipankar Share 0 Tweet Share 0 SINCEthe beginning robotics astonished us by innovating technologies and now a day consumer services, health-care, autonomous Vehicles and defense everywhere robotics made major improvements now United State lead to the field. In terms of research innovation, technology and Policies the US made a remark; now we’ll ensure that will the US continue to hold the lead. A new U.S. Robotics Roadmap released Oct. 31 calls for better policy frameworks to safely integrate new technologies, such as self-driving cars and commercial drones, into everyday life. In the field of human-robot interaction, documents shows that research efforts go to develop intelligent machines that will Empower people to stay in their homes as they are getting aged. It’s now possible for increasing of education efforts in the field of STEM, elementary schools to adult learners The road-map authors made more than 150 researchers from around the nation, also call for research to create more flexible robotics systems to accommodate the need for increased customization in manufacturing, for everything from cars to consumer electronics. To achieve the goal of U.S roadmap has to determine how researchers can make a difference in societal problems and solves in U.S. A wide range of areas, manufacturing to consumer services, health-care, autonomous vehicles and defense the document shows the overview of Robotics. The roadmap’s authors make a recommendation to ensure that the United States will continue to lead in the field of robotics, both in terms of research innovation, technology and policies. Henrik I. Christensen computer scientist professor at the University of California San Diego, and the document’s lead editor, said “We also want to make sure that research solves real life problems and gets deployed, and we need to make sure that we are making an impact on people’s lives.” The first edition of Roadmap came out in 2009 and led to the creation of the National Robotics Initiative by President Barack Obama(former president of United States) Researchers led by Christensen updated the document in 2013. They are revisiting the road-map now ahead of the 2016 presidential election. Christensen, who is the director of the Contextual Robotics Institute at UC San Diego, gave a preview of the roadmap’s main findings during the Contextual Robotics Forum Oct. 28 on the UC San Diego campus. The 100-page document shows the following recommendation and major finding. The policy and unmanned vehicles The predictions researchers made in the 2013 edition of the road-map the advances in the field of self-driving cars have far outpaced as per the predictions. But researchers said autonomous vehicles still have several obstacles to overcome, “It is important to recognize that human drivers have a performance of 100 million miles driven between fatal accidents,” “It is far from trivial to design autonomous systems that have a similar performance.” Self-driving cars need to become more like industrial robots, which can run autonomously for three years without human intervention, he added. Also, the many methods and technologies used in the field of self-driving vehicles need to be resolved into a single standard. “Systems integration might not get a lot of press, but it is essential,” Christensen said. At last local, state and federal agencies have to formulate policies and regulations that ensure these cars can share the road safely with vehicles driven by people. Regulations and policies also need to be put in place for unmanned aerial vehicles, better known as drones or UAVs. Well, these drones or UAVs are capable of shipping goods by air, monitor the environment—and much more in a revolutionized way. They could help first responders during natural disasters and terrorist attacks. Researchers also need to get better at controlling swarms of UAVs and robots. “Currently, it takes a small group of people to run complex UAVs. This ratio needs to be inverted so that one person can control a small group of UAVs and other autonomous robots. Human-robot interactions should resemble the relationship between an orchestra conductor and musicians,” Christensen said. “Individual players need to be smart enough to take cues from the conductor and play on their own.” Health care and home companion robots A major wave of companion robots is about to enter the market, as the devolved countries population ages. For example, 50 percent of the Japanese population is over 50 years old. “We need to help the elderly stay in their homes,” Christensen said. “And robots can help us get there.” Robots will need to have a better understanding of their surroundings and become more reliable to reach this goal. Existing systems are equipped with basic navigation methods. But long-term autonomy with little or no human intervention needs to be the goal. Robotic home companions will need to be able to perform a wider range of tasks well that’s for sure and it is also essential that robots be easy enough to control so that they can be used by everyone. That means that home care robots, for example, need user interfaces that are no more complicated than a TV remote. “This needs to be a moon shot for robotics research,” Christensen said. Manufacturing In these recent years, such as cars has increased dramatically that need to customize the products. A high-end vehicle can feature millions of different options, from the color of its seats to the configuration of its electronics. For that, the manufacturers motivated to increasingly sophisticated technology to drive assembly lines. As a result, many factories brought back to the United States. In the past six years, the U.S. manufacturing sector has added 900,000 jobs. “Tremendous growth in robotics doesn’t have to mean job losses,” Christensen said. But this expansion of robotic systems in the industry must overcome two major obstacles, the roadmap states. Researchers need to develop user interfaces that will allow workers to operate robotic systems with little or no training. In other words, user interfaces need to become more like video games, Christensen said. Also, robots’ manipulation skills need to improve dramatically, to match at least the dexterity of a young child. Right now, the most advanced robots have the grasping abilities of a one-year-old, Christensen said. An Industrial Internet and the Internet of Things For all applications, the core challenge is the flexible integration of robotic systems with human operators and collaborator. Researchers have a vision an environment where physical systems are linked wirelessly via smart sensors and smart chips, within an industrial Internet of Things. This will make it easier for robots to navigate their environment and work with people. At the same time, it is important to design these systems to be very secure so that they cannot be hijacked or used in cyber-attacks. Amazon is at the forefront of this movement and owns 40 percent of application program interfaces, or APIs, related to IoT—which are open source Christensen said. “This is going to create a whole new economy,” he said. Education Robotic systems will dramatically change everyday life both in the home and at work in these coming years. The public and the workforce need to be trained to interact with these systems. This training needs to happen at all the levels, from kindergarten to 12th-grade and in trade schools before college. But most education efforts need to be focused on kindergarten through 12th-grade. Too many young people are dropping out of high school and will be left behind by this new economy based on robotics and the Internet of Things, Christensen said. “We need to empower people to use robots,” he said. “We need to realize that most of the interfaces we design today for robotic systems aren’t easy to use.” A shared robotics infrastructure In the United States Researchers are interestingly making a call to build a common, shared research infrastructure for robotics. The research network would expand existing sites, with a focus on testing autonomous driving, medical and health care robotics, micro- and Nanorobotics, agriculture robotics, UAVs and underwater robotics. Each site would need about $3 million to be revamped into a shared facility. “We need to invest to make sure the United States remains a leader in the field of robotics,” said by Christensen. The 2016 U.S. Robotics Roadmap is partially sponsored by the National Science Foundation, the University of California San Diego, Oregon State University and the Georgia Institute of Technology. With all above the statement was given by Christensen, it seems U.S spend more upgraded thought’s and dramatically they are going to develop more advanced and easy sensible robots which can handle by anyone a young boy to old aged person. The interface of this advanced robotics system will be far better and easily can sense people, these robotic are everywhere from manufacturing to consumer services, health-care, autonomous vehicles and defense. The interface will be strongly secure and unbreakable that can’t be hacked or misuses by cyber terrorism. It seems the United States ensure to hold their lead in robotics by the researcher’s report and result in its proved.